GR  1231          PHTHEGGOMAI

H 0736            ח ת פ

Concept of root : speaking out loud

Hebrew word


English meanings

ח ת פ


message, communication

Related English words


Comparison between European words and Hebrew




English meanings

Similarity in roots


ח ת פ


message, communi-cation

p . t . gh




to make oneself heard

ph . th . g



Proto-Semitic *PETAGH --- *PHTHENG-OMAI Greek



This entry shows us a combination of three consonants we have seen as well in some previous ones, like GR 1229 (Hebrew 0734), but there is no clear indication that they may be linked. Simply, the number of well pronouncable combinations of letters in a language is so limited that one combination often has to be used for different meanings.


The Hebrew root is found in Psalm 119:130, in a phrase "פ ת ח ד ב ר י ך , petagh devareikha", that is translated as "the opening of your words".


  • Greek "phthengomai" is related to the nouns "φθογγη , phthongè = voice" and "φθογγος , phthongos =voice", but also "φθεγμα , phthegma = voice, speech, spoken message" . It is used to express a number of ways in which one makes oneself heard, among which "to say, express, pronounce, communicate". Others are "to speak out loud, shout, call by name etc.", and the verb is also used for the emitting of sounds by animals or objects.


    The aspired consonants of this Greek words are related to the non-aspired ones : PH to P and TH to T. Greek has made much use of this system of varying its consonants.


    Greek scholars tell us that the etymology of our word "phthengomai" is unknown.


  • Proto-Semitic. The root of this entry is seen as a particular use of the common Semitic root "P T GH" for " to open", found in entry GR 1229 (Hebrew 0734). The communication is seen figuratively as an important "opening" by the use of words. This root was probably present in Proto-Semitic "*פ ת ח , P T GH". The comparison gives vowels as in Hebrew.





Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: 20/11/2012 at 18.25.10