GR 1123 AINOS

H 0156 ה נ ע

Concept of root: to tell, declare

Hebrew word

pronunciation

English meanings

ה נ ע

‛an

answer, declare, explain

Related English words

none

Comparison between European words and Hebrew

Languages

Words

Pronunciation

English meanings

Similarity in roots

Hebrew

ה נ ע

‛an

answer, declare, explain

׳a n ( i )

Greek

αίνεω ;

-

αινος

-

ano ;

-

anos;

-

to speak, praise;

tale, story, elogy

ai n

 

 

Proto-Semitic *‛ANA , *‛ANI- , --- *AIN-EO Greek

 

 

The combination of the two letters Ayin and Nun, נ + ע or ן , is found in various different concepts . In this entry and the next one, the probable original one is that of standing in front of somebody , combined here with an action of speaking to that person, answering, declaring and explaining.

 

In other cases the action will be that of bending, showing humility, heavy work and slavery. And again one sees that he who stands in front of somebody does efforts to appease him. And also singing in celebration may come in. These are all meanings of Hebrew verbs with the root " ע נ ה , an ", with what is often seen as either the original or an additional root " ע נ י , ani ". The vowel " I " is found in a number of verbal forms and probably is as such an additional sound that was not part of the original root. But opinions differ on this.

 

Interesting is that we find cousins of these various verbs in Indo European tongues, as shown in this entry as well as in entries E 0040 (Hebrew 0157), E 0632 (Hebrew 0158) and GR 1218 (Hebrew 0159).

 

Note:
  • Greek is very productive in the elaborating and diversifying of roots. The root of this entry is about speaking and one of its derivations is found in the word "αινιγμα , ainigma" that deals with "speaking in a non-clear way" . This has led to the word "enigma", well known in English.

 

Note:
  • Greek and Hebrew both have an " I ", but in Greek it is seen in front of the N.

 

Note:
  • Proto-Semitic. Proto-Semitic probably already had the root "* ע נ ה, Ayin N + accentuated vowel", as cognates with meanings regarding speaking and especially answering are present in various Semitic languages, such as Aramaic "‛an'= to answer" and Syriac "‛en'= to answer", ע נ א (with final Aleph instead of H) as well as Ugaritic "ע נ י" ( with yet a final "Yod"), also meaning "to answer".

 

 

 

 

 
Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: 22/12/2012 at 15.30.42