GD 1054 KEILEN

H 0753 ע ל ק

Concept of root : hurling

Hebrew word

pronunciation

English meanings

ע ל ק

qal‛, qil‛

to hurl, fling

Related English words

none

Comparison between European words and Hebrew

Languages

Words

Pronunciation

English meanings

Similarity in roots

Hebrew

ע ל ק

qal‛, qil‛

to hurl, fling

q . l (‛)

Dutch

keilen

keilen

to hurl, fling

k . l

 

 

Hebrew QIL‛À < *QAL‛À Proto-Semitic --- *KEIL-EN Dutch

 

 

This Hebrew verb in modern language has been reserved for the shooting with guns. Obviously there was needed such a word that could not have existed in Biblical times without guns at all.

 

The Dutch word is isolated and there is no real idea available about its origin. Some try to link it to the noun "kegel" that means both "cone" and "skittle, ninepin". Of course one does hurl or fling a ball at ninepens to make them fall, but the verb "kegelen" and its composite "omkegelen = bowl over" have been formed later. "Keilen" is much older and traditionally used for the throwing of stones, that in the past were also in Europe used as arms. There has been some mixing-up with the word "kegel", that according to some scholars originally is a diminutive of "keg" that was a "wedge". Then it became a "ninepin". But German scholars sey that German "Kegel", with Old High German "chegil" was a cudgel or club.

 

Possibly ninepins were thrown at with small stones, and a Middle Dutch "kegelaer" was a "stone thrower" as well as an implement of war for throwing stones. Middle Dutch had the verb "keylen".

 

We have no information about possible cognates in other languages.

 

Note:
  • Proto-Semitic. This root is also used in Aramaic and Syriac "ק ל ע , qel‛ = to sling, hurl forth". Arabic "miql" and Ethiopian "maql" are nouns with the usual prefix "M-" and the same root, that indicate the instrument "sling". The root "*ק ל ע , Q L Ayin" was probably present in Proto-Semitic.

 

 

 

 

 
Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: 30/12/2012 at 10.45.30