E 0157          CHAISE LONGUE

The word combination " chaise longue " has been loaned from French .

H 0514           א ס כ ,ס כ

Concept of root : chair

Hebrew word


English meanings

א ס כ ;ס כ

kès; kissé

chair, throne

Related English words

chaise longue

Comparison between European words and Hebrew




English meanings

Similarity in roots


א ס כ ;ס כ

kès; kissé

chair, throne

k . s





ch . s <

 *k s



Hebrew KÈS < Proto-Semitic *KŪS- --- *CHAISE French



The French word is considered a dialectal alteration of "chair", which is identical to the English word "chair". We present this similarity with some hesitation, but the fact that the Biblical word "kissà" has the same meaning and the same root as the French word "chaise" makes one look for a more satisfying explanation than that of a simple alteration. The thesis of alteration seeks a basis in the fact that in Paris dialect around 1500-1600 people seem to have had the tendency to pronounce some " R "'s as " S ". But there has been no general development of this into French and it remains surprising.


As is known, the French initial "ch" regularly corresponds with a K-sound in Latin.



  • Proto-Semitic. This root is present in Ugaritic and in Akkadian "kussu". For some reason this last term is considered a loanword from Sumerian "guza", but the root is the same as in Hebrew and Ugaritic. Interesting is the collateral Akkadian form "kursu" with an R in front of the S. This is as well found in an Aramaic "כ ר ס א , kars'é" and "כ ו ר ס י א, kursià" with the same meanings of "chair, throne". It is not easy to make a hypothesis for Proto-Semitic, but the most probable seems "*כ ו ס , *K .W . S" , developing in some cases into "*כ ו ר ס , * K .W RS".





Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: 02/11/2012 at 15.54.33