E 0163          CHERSONESE

The word " chersonese " is based on Greek

H 0453             ר ר ח

Concept of root : aridity

Hebrew word


English meanings

ר ר ח


arid (terrain)

Related English words


Comparison between European words and Hebrew




English meanings

Similarity in roots


ר ר ח


arid (terrain)

gh . r . r <

* gh . r




khersos; kherros

arid terrain

kh . r



chersones, pensinsula

ch . r s



Proto-Semitic *GHAR --- *GER-R-OS Greek



The second R in this Hebrew root has been added later in the process of creating a three consonant root out of an earlier two consonant one. This is a very common development in Hebrew. Also the third consonant in the Greek word of this entry, the "S" has been added later. In fact, in Attic, the language of Athens, the S is not present, but we find a double R.


The English word " chersonese " has been composed of the above mentioned word "khersos " for " dry land " and the word " nèsos " ( island ) .


This Hebrew root basically stands for " to be hot, dry" as well as " to be scorched, burned". The word "ח ר ר י ם, gharerim = arid grounds". This is like the meaning of our Greek word.



  • Proto-Semitic.The three consonant root of this entry in other Semitic languages expresses various aspects of heat and burning. It is found in Aramaic "ח ר ר , gharar = to burn". Ugaritic uses it to say "to burn, roast", but also "to ripen". Ethiopian "gharara = to be hot". Arabic has "gharra = was hot, burned" , but also "thirsted". Akkadian "eruru" says "to burn".


    Then it must be noted that Hebrew and Aramaic also have a root "ח ר ך, GH R K" with the messages of "to roast, singe, scorch". The first two consonant of both roots indicate an original two consonant root that certainly was present in Proto-Semitic . The root , also already with two R's was probably present in Proto-Semitic.This language thus had a two consonant root "*ח ר , GH R" and quite possibly already also the developed three consonant root "*ח ר ר , GH R R".


  • Proto-Semitic. Lack of information about words in other groups of languages limits the comparison to Semitic and Greek.





Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: 27/10/2012 at 17.13.34