E 0639ááááááááá ORDER

The word "order"á is, via Old French , of Latin origin

H 0116áááááááááá áר ד ע

Concept of root : order

Hebrew word

pronunciation

English meanings

ר ד ע ;

ר ד ע ו

adar ;

‛oder

to be in order

being in order

Related English words

order

Comparison between European words and Hebrew

Languages

Words

Pronunciation

English meanings

Similarity in roots

Hebrew

ר ד ע

-

ר ד ע ו

-

‛adar;

-

‛oder

-

to be in order;

being in order, arranged in rank and file

‛(a) d . r

-

‛(o) d . r

-

Greek

ορδινος

ordinos

right address, rank, file

áo r d

Latin

ordo, gen. ordinis

ordo, ordinis

order, rank

áo r d

English

order

order

áo r d

 

 

Proto-Semitic *‛ADAR *‛ODER --- *RAD-, ORD- Indo-European

 

 

This Hebrew word is Biblical only. Probably the word "‘eder" for herd , in the entry number E 0445 (Hebrew 0117), is related to order and shows that the animals are sufficiently domesticated to be kept in some order as represented by a herd of cattle . It is useful to read the comments in that entry. Certainly related is entry E 0640 ( Hebrew 0847) the comments of which it is useful to compare.

 

Note:
  • Hebrew has another, much used word for " order ", that is " ס ד ר , seder "See entry E 0640 ( Hebrew 0847). This is important, because it shows that in Hebrew an S-sound may correspond with an Ayin, the interruption of the flow of sound that is strengthened by a prepared but non-pronounced, often NG-like sound.

     

    One may wonder if in these cases the Ayin originally was a different sound-stop. But is possible that we have here a case in which Hebrew has changed an initial "S" into an initial"Ayin". This leads to a comparison of a development in Greek, where an S often has become an H, that then later has disappeared. In fact we will see that Hebrew words with an Ayin, ע , sometimes have a European sister that has an H in the same position.

 

Note:
  • Proto-Semitic. The same root with the same meaning is present in Phoenician "ע ד ר ", as well as in Aramaic "ע ד ר א, edĕrÓ". Probably Proto-Semitic already used the same root "*ע ד ר, Ayin D R".

     

    The predecessor of both "ע ד ר, Ayin D R" and "ס ד ר, S D R" , that is "* ד ר, D R", was certainly used in Proto-Semitic.

 

Note
  • Indo-European. The Greek word has been loaned from Latin. But there is some more information available.

     

    Proto-Germanic. Norwegian "rad = file, series, rank" has a predecessor "rod" in old Norse, with the same meaning. And in Middle Low German there is a sisterword "rat" with the same message. It is possible that Proto-Germanic had a form "*R A D-" .

     

    Slavic. Russian has "ряд, rjad = file, rank, range". Sisterwords are present in other Slavic languages and Slavic may have had a "*R O D" or "*R A D-". Then we see in entry E 0640 ( Hebrew 0847) different Russian words for the related concept of "order", present in Latin "ordo".

     

    Indo-European probably used the two consonant combination "R . D" in "*R A D-" for "file, rank" etc.and perhaps already as well a version with an opening vowel (possibly created through a metathesis between " R " and " O "), serving a more developed concept of "order", as seen in Latin: "*O R D-".

 

 

 

 
Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: 27/11/2012 at 16.49.19