GR 1172          ERKHOMAI

H 0062           א ר ח

Concept of root: to be underway

Hebrew word


English meanings

א ר ח



to go, be underway;

topath, way

Related English words


Comparison between European words and Hebrew




English meanings

Similarity in roots


א ר ח

aragh ;




to go, to walk, be underway;

path, way

a r . gh




to go,walk, come, be underway, depart

e r kh



Proto-Semitic *ARAGH --- *ERKH- Greek



The roots are well-nigh identical in sound and meaning. As is normal, the Greek word uses one in between vowel, the Hebrew word has two vowels. Both have an opening vowel, that the Greeks write down specifically, while the Jews just use an Aleph, leaving it to the reader to know which vowel must be pronounced in that spot.



  • Greek. The second part "-omai " is a suffix, precisely of the first person singular in medio-passive . The expressed meaning seems to have been considered near to a reflexive one, seen the choice of this verbal form. In modern language the use has shifted more towards the meaning of "to come", with of course figurative elaborations.


    No conclusive answers have been found regarding the etymology of "erkhomai" . The similarity with Hebrew is a further indication that the KH in "erkhomai" is part of the root.


  • Hebrew. Caravans were a fundamental way of travel and transport in the Middle East, before somebody showed the people that there was oil under their soil and that this could be used to make transportation easier. Seen that being under way often meant travelling in a caravan, this was called a " א ר ח ה , orégha " "that what is underway".


    One notes that in the position of the Aleph, א , here an O is pronounced , while in the verb an A is seen . But in other forms, one will once more find an O.


  • Proto-Semitic. The Hebrew root of this entry is also found in related words in other Semitic languages. Aramaic א ו ר ח א,'oreghà = path, way" like Akkadian "urghu" and OSArabic 'aragh. In Arabic we see an older root without the initial vowel in "raghà , like the causative form in Tigre "margha = he led, showed the way".


    Proto-Semitic consequently had the root " *ר ח ה, R GH accentuated vowel ", in which we indicate this accentuated final vowel with the letter "Hè". And also already the form extended with initial vowel "A", " *א ר ח, Aleph, R GH ".





Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: 21/12/2012 at 14.24.24