GR 1125 AIX

H 0055 א ק ו

Concept of root : wild goat

Hebrew word


English meanings

א ק ו


wild goat

Related English words


Comparison between European words and Hebrew




English meanings

Similarity in roots


א ק ו


wild goat

a q o


αιξ, gen. αιγος

aix, gen. aigos

(wild) goat

a i g



Proto-Semitic *AQQO --- *AIK- Indo-European



In the Greek word a weight comparable to what in Hebrew is represented by the letter "waw", here pronounced "O" in "aqqo", has shifted into the initial vowel, making a diphtong.


  • Proto-Semitic. Proto-Semitic is seen as having used the same root that is still present in Hebrew: "* א ק ו , Alep Q W". This may be right, but we have no evidence from other Semitic languages to confirm this. Judaic Aramaic " א י ק א, "'iq'= billy goat " may have been influenced by Hebrew. It was also used for "castrated buck".


  • Indo-European. Old Indian "ajá ajā = he goat; she-goat" has changed from a K-sound into a "Y"-sound. Armenian "ayc is nearly identical to Greek. It is probable that Indo-European had a form "AI K-.


    Then there is a second group of words, probably related to Hebrew " ע ז, ‛ez = goat". See entry (Hebrew 0224A, PAGE IN PREPARATION) . Related Indo-European words are Slavic "*āzj" and Baltic "*āzjia" and Old Indian "edha = ( a kind of) ovine". There may have been an Indo-European "A Z- = goat, ovine".




Created: Tuesday 6 November 2007 at 22.30.54 Updated: Monday 16 September 2013 at 14.16.59